Adaptive Survival Clothing by Jacqueline Nanne is early stage smart textile experiments that aim at creating clothing that adapts body temperature.
Using the great temperature and moisture regulation properties of wool and our own body as inspiration, fabrics were desiged that adapt to the temperature of the human body and the environment. The focus lies on the context of survival, as clothing plays a big role in staying alive in the wilderness. When on survival, one often adds or removes layers of clothing to keep a comfortable temperature. This design is intended to decrease the number of times one has to stop to change clothing, and keep comfortable when for instance taking a break or when ascending a mountain.
A Smart Wool that Regulates Temperature
In the prototype two mechanisms that are also found in nature were implemented to explore the possibilities of clothing that adapts temperature. A base layer reacting to skin temperature has holes like pores that open and close with exercise. The second mechanism is that of an animal’s hair erecting when cold, caused by the erector pili. This has been used in the outer layer, which responds to differences in environmental temperature. Both are activated using temperature-sensitive memory wire (Nitinol).
To follow the development of this project, click here.
This post is also available in: French